Security – not aid or trade – is the key to getting the world’s bottom billion out of poverty
The real challenge of development is the ‘bottom billion’ – the people living in 50 or so countries, mainly in Africa, that are falling behind and often falling apart. But increased aid and freer trade will make only a marginal difference to these people’s lives until they enjoy greater security – and that means military interventions by the rich countries to end civil wars, prevent conflicts from restarting and provide peacekeeping forces in support of long-term economic solutions.
These will be the central messages of Professor Paul Collier of Oxford University when he delivers the 2006 Royal Economic Society Annual Public Lecture – War and Peace in Africa – this week – in Sheffield this evening, Monday 27 November, on Tuesday 28 November in Edinburgh and on Friday 1 December in London.
Find out more about the topic of Development Economics from Intute: Social Sciences
US economist Milton Friedman has died at the age of 94. Winner of the Nobel Prize for Economics in 1976, Friedman was a champion of free markets and his ideas influenced the policies of Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan in the 1980s.
Obituaries from the Financial Times, the BBC News website and Business Week.
Find out more about Friedman and his work from the Friedman Foundation, his 1976 Nobel Prize and the page about him on the Concise Encyclopedia of Economics.
It’s also possible to hear from the man himself in this collection of appearances on Google Video, as well as, these recent podcast interviews on Money and Capitalism and Freedom at EconTalk.
Intute links to more resources on the topic of Economics
November 13th to 17th is International Education Week (IEW) a joint initiative of the US Department of State and the US Department of Education to celebrate the benefits of international education and exchange worldwide.
Companion sites are available from:
Researchers interested in the topic of International Education could try the British Association for International & Comparative Education (BAICE), the Centre for International Education at the University of Sussex or UKCOSA the Council for International Education.
Intute links to more resources on the issue of International Education
Here are a few items of Education research news that landed in the inbox of the Intute: Education editors.
The Institute of Education points to the success of Reading Recovery as way of helping six-year-olds with significant literacy difficulties learn to read. The Every Child a Reader scheme was also the subject of a recent Mike Baker article on the BBC News website.
NFER draws our attention to some research in progress, evaluating the impact of school fruit and vegetable schemes and the Government’s ‘five a day’ programme. This research builds on a previous evaluation carried out in 2005, that found that just 27% of schoolchildren were attaining the 5 a day target.
Find Out More from the DfES highlights the role of ICT in pupil attainment, motivation and learning. Research from 2003 indicates that:
* relatively high levels of ICT use were generally associated with higher attainment;
* better quality ICT resources was generally associated with higher school standards;
* using ICT in class generally helps to motivate pupils to learn
Intute: Education links to more resources on the study of Education.